6 edition of The Syntax of Negation (Cambridge Studies in Linguistics) found in the catalog.
November 24, 2005
by Cambridge University Press
Written in English
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||351|
Negation. 7 nsesen, G. die nose rumpfen,Fr. froncerlesiiarines;the E. to turn, or to screw, up one's nose isnot so expressive).This natural origin will account for the fact that negatives beginning with nasals (n,m) are found in many languages outside the Indo- European family. In Laiin, then, we have at firstsentences like (1)ne dice. This persists with a few verbs only, nescio, nequeo, nolo. issues concerning negation at the syntax-semantics interface. We zoom in on cross-linguistic variation, both in a synchronic perspective (typology) and in a diachronic perspective (language change). Besides expressions of propositional negation, this book analyzes the form and interpretation of indefinites in the scope of negation. This.
Negation is part of grammar (the form and function of words). To negate statements or questions, we typically insert the words no or not into the phrase or sentence. For example, “The dog is playing” is an affirmative, or positive, statement. “The dog is not playing” uses negation, which changes the meaning of the statement. Negation. The single negation is sufficient to convert num_value to bool; however, the double negation is necessary to restore the original sense of the Boolean expression. This pattern is known as an idiom, i.e., something commonly used by people familiar with the language.
In logic, negation, also called the logical complement, is an operation that takes a proposition to another proposition "not ", written ¬, which is interpreted intuitively as being true when is false, and false when is true. Negation is thus a unary (single-argument) logical may be applied as an operation on notions, propositions, truth values, or semantic values more generally. 5. The books were arranged on the desk. The teacher arranged the books on the desk. 6. The report has been prepared by Jill and Lupe. Jill and Lupe have prepared the report. 7. The forms are completed by the applicants. The applicants complete the forms. 8. .
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In this book Liliane Haegeman presents an account of sentential negation within a Government and Binding framework. Building on the work of Klima and Lasnik, Haegeman demonstrates the parallelism between negative sentences and interrogative sentences, and gives a unified analysis in terms of a well-formedness condition on syntactic representations: the AFFECT criterion, instantiated as the WH Cited by: In this new book Liliane Haegeman presents an account of sentential negation within a Government and Binding framework.
Building on the work of Klima and Lasnik, Haegeman demonstrates the parallelism between negative sentences and interrogative sentences, and gives a unified analysis in terms of a well-formedness condition on syntactic representations: the affect criterion, instantiated as Cited by: This book offers a Minimalist analysis of certain syntactic phenomena in Russian associated with negation.
These phenomena include the distribution of morphologically negative words and the pattern of Negative Concord they exhibit (whereby multiple occurrences of negative words are interpreted as only one instance of negation); the Genitive of Negation (the case marking on the Cited by: Book Description.
The central concern of this title, first published inis the syntactic nature of negation in Universal Grammar, and its relation to other functional elements in the Syntax.
The study argues that negation is not a syntactic category on its own; rather, it is one of the values of a more abstract syntactic category, named. This book discusses the syntax of sentential negation against the background of generative syntax; more specifically, the Principles and Parameters approach (cf.
Chomskya, b etc.). The conceptual framework adopted for the discussion is that usually referred to as Government and Binding Theory, GB theory for short (cf. Haegeman. The syntax of negative operators.\/span>\"@ en\/a> ; \u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\n schema:description\/a> \" In addition to providing a syntactic analysis of sentential negation the book raises a number of theoretical issues such as that of the distinction between A-positions and A\'-positions and the level of application of well-formedness conditions.
Negation and Affirmation Evidence from English Evidence from Basque Neg and Aff The [Sigma] Category and the [Sigma] Projection Negative Fronting in Romance --Ch. Negative Complementizers Inherently negative verbs Explaining the asymmetry: C[subscript Neg] Evidence from Basque Negation is a sine qua non of every human language but is absent from otherwise complex systems of animal communication.
In many ways, it is negation that makes us human, imbuing us with the capacity to deny, to contradict, to misrepresent, to lie, and to convey irony. The apparent simplicity of logical negation as a one-place operator that toggles truth and falsity belies the intricate.
negation in Universal Grammar, and its relation to other functional elements in the Syntax. The study argues that negation is not a syntactic category on its own; rather, it is one of the values of a more abstract syntactic category, named X, which includes other sentence operators, such as affirmation and emphasis (Chapter 2).
The chapters in this book survey the patterning of negative utterances in natural languages, spanning such foundational issues as how negative sentences are realized cross-linguistically and how that realization tends to change over time, how negation is acquired by children, how it is processed by adults, and how its expression changes over time.
Negation Sometimes in mathematics it's important to determine what the opposite of a given mathematical statement is. This is usually referred to as "negating" a statement. One thing to keep in mind is that if a statement is true, then its negation is false (and if a statement is false, then its negation is true).
Tottie (), for example, terms the first type 'Not-negation' and the second type 'No-negation.'Quirk et al. ( ) give a list of the negative words together with their corresponding non-assertive forms, pointing out that there are two negative equivalents for a positive sentence containing an assertive form: thus We've had some lunch has the two negative forms We haven't had any lunch.
Definition of Negation: When it is necessary to state that a fact is not true, it can be done by using any negative words, phrases or clauses.
Negation refers to these negative words, phrases or clauses. Examples of Negation: Rick is not here. Peter has no books. Sam has never been there. John did nothing for this project. Neither I nor you. An example is Japanese, which conjugates verbs in the negative after adding the suffix -nai (indicating negation), e.g.
taberu ("eat") and tabenai ("do not eat"). It could be argued that English has joined the ranks of these languages, since negation requires the use of an auxiliary verb and a distinct syntax in most cases; the form of the.
If you take in those four distinctions, a significant part of the work of understanding negation in English is done. The notion of scope. The scope of a negation is the constituent that it has effect over. In these sentences, the negative marker (which in all these cases is the suffix -n't in the word didn't) is boldfaced (in red, if you're browsing) and the words contained in the part of the.
Example 1: Examine the sentences below. Every triangle has three sides. Albany is the capital of New York State. No prime number is even. Each of these sentences is a closed sentence. Definition: A closed sentence is an objective statement which is either true or false. Thus, each closed sentence in Example 1 has a truth value of either true or false as shown below.
This is a very apt example of a semantically negative but structurally positive sentence i.e. it conveys a negative meaning without the use of not. Affixal Negation: 2. Affixal Negation In this type of negation, the form is generally positive but the negative meaning is carried by the prefixes like ‘im- in- un- non- dis-‘ etc.
Look. Your example contains 'verbal negation' which is marked by modification of the verb "did". – BillJ Jul 1 '16 at 4.
I think the question is on-topic. It asks about the linguistic explanation of a general syntactic phenomenon; also I don't think it's a classical "please draw me a syntax tree" request, because the queston of the syntactic. Negative shareholders' equity could be a warning sign that a company is in financial distress or it could mean that a company has spent its retained.
Negation, as maintained by the likes of Merriam Webster refers to “the action or logical operation of negating or making negative”. In simpler terms, negation defines the polar opposition of affirmative, denies the existence or vaguely – a refutation.
This is also known as “Not”. Classical logic resembles negation with truth function which takes truth to falsity and is perfectly. General Overviews: Monographs and Papers. Jespersen is the classic descriptive study of the meaning and expression of negation.
Klima is a landmark of early generative grammar that served as a prolegomenon for subsequent work on negation and polarity. Later comprehensive treatments include Horn and, for a rather briefer take, the negation chapter in Huddleston and Pullum NegationChap Part 1 ENGLISH English Syntax and Morphology Robert F.
van Trieste, Ph.D. All quotations, unless otherwise noted, are from chapter 10 of The Grammar Book, 2nd edition.
Lexical Level Negation: 1. Simple Negation (NOT) Statements In logic, a negation of a simple statement (one logical value) can usually be formed by placing the word “not” into the original statement.
The negation will always have the opposite truth value of the original statement. Under negation, what was TRUE, will become FALSE or what was FALSE, will become [ ].